Alexander Thomas McDonald spent 58 years of his life living in Minnesota. He came down before his parents, Archie and Mary, in 1897 and lived in Duluth, Minnesota for a while. I found an Alex McDonald in the city directories in Duluth, but it is difficult to know if that really was him?
I shared about Alexander Thomas McDonald the youngest son of Archibald and Mary McDonald in several previous posts:
1. Archibald and Mary McDonald’s Children, dated March 20, 2011. This post has the wonderful family photograph of the McDonald’s except for Angus the oldest brother.
2. Alexander Thomas McDonald, Fireman, dated August 7, 2010. There are several photos in this post showing Alex in his fireman’s uniform. The 2nd photograph has Keith sitting on his knee.
3. Archie & Mary’s Children: Alexander Thomas McDonald, dated March 31, 2010 in which I share the birth of Alex and his record from the St. Alphonsus Church records.
Alex apparently decided to become Naturalized and applied for his Certificate of Intention #175 on 30 January 1905:
State of Minnesota, County of Itasca, Alex T. McDonald, appeared in the District Court of the 15th Judicial District for the State of Minnesota. He was born in Canada about the year 1872 and emigrated to the United States an landed at the Port of Sault Ste. Marie on or about the month of November 1897. It is Bona fide his intention to become a Citizen of the United States and renounce forever all fidelity to the Queen of Great Britain..whereof he is a subject, signed Alex T. McDonald, 21 November, 1898, I.D. Rassmussan, Clerk. This is a true copy signed January 30, 1905, I.D. Rasmussan, Clerk.
Certificate of Intention
Source: Declaration of Intention of Alex. T. McDonald, #175, County of Itasca, State of Minnesota, copy given to the compiler by his nephew.
Certificate of Citizenship, United States of America, District Court Co. of Itasca, State of Minnesota, Naturalization of Alex T. McDonald, 23rd day of Feb, 1905, Seal of the said Court on the 23rd day of Feb 1905, I.D. Rassmussen Clerk.
Source: Certificate of Citizenship, Alex T. McDonald, Itasca County, Minnesota. copy given to the compiler by his nephew.
Koochiching had not yet been established as a county and was part of Itasca County things were slowly developing in northern Minnesota at this time and it was difficult to get around until the train came.
The Minnesota State Census indicates that Alex was living in International Falls in 1905. If the information is correct Alex migrated to International Falls by 1899:
Line 8, McDonald, A. T., male, age 31, white, born in Canada, both parents born in Canada, 8 years in Minnesota, 6 yrs in the enumeration district, laborer.
Source: 1905 Minnesota State Census, Village of International Falls, Twp. of Koochiching, County of Itasca, State of Minnesota, line 8, Sht #2, enumerated on June 1-20, 1905 by Harvey Gale, Minnesota Historical Society in St. Paul.
Note: Minnesota State Census went online at Ancestry.com a couple of years after I had done my research at the FHL and the Minnesota Historical Society in St. Paul in the census.
The U. S. Federal Census for 1910 is very interesting because Alex was listed as the head of the household. I was expecting Archibald to be head based on family stories.
12/14 – McDonald, Alex, head X, male, white, 34 years old single, born in Canada and also his parents were born in Canada. Lived in this country 12 years, naturalized. Speaks English, is a teamster and operates a dray line. Nellie, sister, female, white, 38 years old single, born in Canada and parents too, 10 years in this country and not naturalized, no occupation given. Archie, father, male, white, 80 years old, married, 49 years, born in Canada, parents born in Scotland, in this country 8 years, naturalized, speaks English, no occupation. Mary, mother, female, white, 76 years old, married 49 years, 5 children of which 4 are living, born in Canada, parents born in Scotland, in this country 8 years, speaks English, no occupation. All can read and write.
Source: 1910 U.S. Federal Census, Alex McDonald & Others, International Falls, Koochiching Co., Minnesota, SD#8, ED#92, enumerated April 15, 1910, National Archives, Pacific NW Region, Seattle, WA.
Jack and brother Alex in International Falls
Here Alex is buying lots 9 and 10 in block 53 in International Falls. At this point I have no way to verify if this is the house that the family said was built by Archie?
Deed Record G pg. 38, The Koochiching Co. and Alexander T. McDonald on the 17th day of Sept. 1908 at 1 p.m. Frank S. Spang, Register of Deeds. On the 15th of April 1907 Alexander paid $500 for lots 9 and 10 in block 53 of International Falls. Instrument no. C 327.
Source: Deed Record Book G, pg. 38, Alexander T. McDonald, #C327, Koochiching County, Minnesota, from the Koochiching County Courthouse Call #38 C No. 327, September 14, 1908, 1 pm.
Alex later sold the lots on March 8, 1920 at 9 am to John McGivney for $2600.00, #25889, No. 39, pg. 121.
In the 1920 U.S. Federal Census Alex is rooming with another person:
Line 95, 4th and Second St., X/60/91, McDonald, Alex, Head, renting, male, white, age 46, single, years of immigration and naturalization unclear, not in school as of 1919, able to read and write, born in Canada, parents both born in Canada, native tongue English, able to speak English, occupation Driver, Fire Barn, working. Line 96 at same address as Alex. Thomas, Arthur, boarder, male, mulatto, age 50, single, not in school as of 1919, able to read and write, born in Kansas, parents both in Kentucky, janitor, bank, working.
Source: 1920 U.S. Federal Census, City of International Falls, Co. of Koochiching, Minnesota, SD#8, ED#52, Ward #3, Vol. 41, pg. 4, Ancestry.com.
In review, things had changed greatly for Alex. His sister Nellie was with Ronald (R.S.) helping with raising the six children in Cheney, Washington. Archibald and Mary and both passed 8-9 years earlier. John (Jack) his brother had a family and daughter to raise even though they were in the same city and lived not far from each other.
R.S. and brother Alex in Cheney 1924
During the 1920’s Alex headed west and visited his brother R.S. and sister Nellie. He attended the wedding of his niece Vivian to Hilary McKanna in 1924. Year’s later Vivian would ask her uncle to sign and affidavit to help her establish her birth date and location so she could obtain social security. These two events will be covered in future posts.
The 1930 U.S. Census reveals that Alex is still in International Falls
Line 46, Alexander T. McDonald at City Hall #356, 460 under head lodger, Rents, personal property $20.00, he does not live on a farm, Male, White, 56 years old, Single, parents are Canadian-English and so is he. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1897 and is naturalized. His occupation is fireman at the City Fire Dept.. He is not a veteran. Alexander has listed under his name Bert Budde and Henry LeBlanc. I am familiar with these names and they are also listed as fireman with the City Fire Dept.
Source: 1930 U.S. Federal Census, International Falls, Koochiching Twp., and County, Dist #20, ED#36-20, SD #2, Sht #21A #139, dated April 16, 1930, Ancestry.com.