Here is a fun item given to me by a cousin who is a descendant of my dad’s sister Jean. It is a recipe that was a favorite of Nellie’s. My cousin added ice cream, chocolate or carmel sauce and all kinds of tasty bites to it. I have not yet taken the time to make the recipe but it does sound delicious and I do love chocolate. Enjoy!
Nellie passed in May of 1947 which was 12 months before I was born. I never knew her. It is well-known in our family that she took on the task of raising R.S.’s children after Grace’s death in 1911. Grace’s death was described as “things were never the same.”
My dad, Keith, really didn’t talk about her much although she was probably the only mother that he remembered. Grace Barclay McDonald, his real mother, had died in December of 1911 when he was only 18 months old. Eddie, his sister mentioned she died right at Christmas. I really had not realized that because Eddie would celebrate that holiday along with the others.
I felt I knew more about the McD’ side than I did my Mother’s side. Dad didn’t talk specifics but I did know some family history. Technically my family was a what his sister, Miriam, would often repeat, “dour Scotsmen.”
The Caledonian Mercury has a posting on the meaning of the word “dour.” http://caledonianmercury.com/2012/04/18/useful-scots-word-dour/0032435
The picture above is one of my favorites of Nellie. The dress is rather fancy so maybe this was some special day? The one below has her holding another cat with different markings. She seemed to prefer wearing dresses even when she worked. This is the one connection with her that I find, our love of cats.
Nellie is sort of an enigma to me regarding her personality. She was held in esteem by her niece, Miriam. Miriam said that Nellie gave her whole life to her and her siblings after Grace’s death. She never married, nor had children of her own.
By 1920 she is with R.S. (Ronald)., her brother and his children, in Cheney, Washington. About 1925 she would follow her brother to Spokane so that Keith, my dad, could go to Gonzaga High School and Eddie could go to nursing school. The move to Yakima was to take place about 1937 and it would be her final migration. Nellie and Ronald where aging by then so they followed Miriam to Yakima were Miriam took up teaching. Nellie would remain in Yakima for the rest of her life.
Nellie will be mentioned in future posts and pictures, I just felt it was important to focus in on her because she became the “mother” to my dad, Keith.
In studying the photos in my Dad’s collection and his sister Vivian’s, I see a woman, Nellie, who wasn’t afraid of work, who was determined, was probably religious, was friendly to others, loved cats, read the newspaper, joined her family in many picnics and fun things. Even though they didn’t talk about her much, she is featured in many many photographs by herself and with the family.
The photo above is another one of Nellie that I like. She looks a little impatient but I love the coat and the hat. She was probably very neat and tidy no matter what she was doing.
It was Nellie who wrote the original family history charts in 1932 followed by Miriam, her niece redoing them. Here are the post dates and titles that feature Nellie’s charts. They are what I used to try to find my family in Quebec. Go to the Archives on the right of this blog and find the dates that fit.
July 21, 2011 – Nellie’s Charts – Her Mother Mary McDonell’s Family.
June 17, 2011 – Nellie’s Charts – Her Father Archive McDonell’s Family
Here she is in a lovely white dress with a hat.
We have seen that she liked cats but here she is seated next to a dog:
This next photograph is very puzzling. I do not know the lady on the left. Nellie and the lady’s dress is of the same print material, although the style is different. I am assuming Nellie must have belonged to a club perhaps associated with the church? There is another photo with Nellie in the same dress, but I do not recognize the people and they are dressed very fancy. I love the hat with the flowers. Nellie is on the right reaching over to adjust a tea-pot?
Nellie is in the same outfit in this photograph and a man I do not recognize is on the right. It was definitely some special gathering. The location is probably somewhere near Mt. Rainier.
Updated: March 15, 2013: A comment was made about the photos and the mountain not being correct and so I examined the printed coffee can words and sure enough I had this photo reversed in the orientation. My Rainier mountain family expert pointed it out to me and I am glad to get this fixed. It is very easy to get a photo out of orientation when you do not know the subject matter. So I do try to look for letters or something in the photo to help. I missed this one.
The next photo has Nellie holding something in her hand. If you zoom in you find a cigarette in a holder? She smoked cigarettes? I do love the clothesline however which is very tidy. The lady peeking out from behind is unknown to me. (To enlarge the photo, click on it and then use your back button to return to this blog or close a tab.)
Here brother and sister, R.S. (Ronald) and Nellie, work the wood pile:
A little over the fence gossip. I think this photo is wonderful.
Nellie or rather Ellen Elizabeth McDonald migrated with her parents from Chichester in 1900/1901 and lived with them in Bemidji till they moved to International Falls in 1905. She was living with her parents and brother Alexander in 1910 per the U.S. Federal census.
At the end of December 1911 Grace, the mother of Keith and his siblings, died of pneumonia and the effects of childbirth see the post dated July 18, 2010 “An Unexpected Tragedy! http://macdonellfamily.wordpress.com/?s=Tragedy. Nellie became their caretaker.
Just exactly when Nellie joined her brother Ronald in bringing up his six children is unclear. I have not been able to track her clearly from 1910 to 1920. I cannot tell if she was with him in Grand Prairie, Alberta. I think Nellie did not became the caretaker of the children till just before 1920 but I might be incorrect. Until I find more information that can pinpoint when Nellie was with them I will have to speculate. Her niece Miriam implied that she took over right after their mother Grace died, but so far the facts are not agreeing.
Miriam writes that they all moved to the Riverside Drive house after Grace’s death which implies Nellie was involved from 1912 onward? ( Just click on the photo and it will open up for you, remember to hit your back button or close a tab to return to this blog.)
Miriam’s Notes about Nellie!
The parents of Nellie and R.S. where Archie (1912) and Mary (1913) who were living in 1911 when Grace passed, so Nellie would probably not leave them because they were aging. According to the above paragraph they moved into the Riverside Drive house and that would make sense.
I did find Gordon and R.S. in the Edmonton, Alberta 1916 census. I did a thorough search of the Canadian 1916 census to try to find Nellie with the rest of the children but I was unable to locate her or them.
An Ellen McDonald appears in the International Falls city directory of 1917-1918. This person was a civil servant on 421 1st St., pg. 19. I ponder if that is her?
I do know for sure that by January 1920, Nellie had joined the family and from 1920 to her death in May of 1947 in Yakima, Washington, she lived with her brother Ronald (R.S.) and followed him wherever he went from that point on.
Her niece, Miriam, held Nellie in high esteem and wrote that she deserved a place in heaven for taking on the momentous task of raising six children that were not her own. Miriam was apparently Nellie’s favorite.
As far as I can recall none of my aunts, my uncle, nor my father talked about Nellie much. There could be reasons for that. It may have made them sad, or it was a long time ago.
NOTE: Please don’t be like me and not ask questions, I wish I had regarding Nellie and the family.
Events did not go well for R.S. McDonald since he left International Falls, Minnesota. He lost his general store in Grand Prairie, Alberta. The family lore says that his partner gambled it away. It looks like he might have headed to Albany, Oregon for a while according to his daughter Eddie. He was indicted in a court case involving land fraud in Koochiching County, Minnesota.
Somehow he found his way to Cheney, Spokane County, Washington by 1919 according to his traveling card from the Knights of Columbus.
Cheney is located southwest of the city of Spokane. Highway I90 takes you right by the town. You can take 904 into Cheney. Here is an article on Cheney, Washington from Wikipedia with a map attached.
Photo: LtoR: Back row – Jean, Gordon, Eddie. Middle Row: R.S. (Ronald), Miriam, Vivian and Nellie (sister to Ronald). Front and center my dad, Keith Barclay John MacDonald.
The 1920 U.S. Federal Census lists them all:
Seventh, 314, 30, 32, McDonald, Ronald, S. Head, R, M, W, 54, Widow, 85, nA 93 or 98, yes, yes, Canada, English, father born in Canada, mother born in Canada, English, yes, Lumberman is crossed out and none is written in. McDonald, Nellie E., Sister, F, W, 49, S 1900 Al, yes, yes, Canada, English, father born in Canada, mother born in Canada, English, none. McDonald Vivian L., daughter, F, W, 17, S, yes, yes, yes, Minnesota. McDonald Gordon R G, son, M, W, 15, S, yes, yes, yes, Minnesota. McDonald Miriam A, daughter, F, W, 13, S, yes, yes, yes, Minnesota. McDonald Edna L, daughter, F, W, 12, S, yes, yes, yes, Minnesota, McDonald Jean L E, daughter, F, W, 11, S, yes, yes, yes, Minnesota, McDonald Keith B.J., son, M, W, 9, S, yes, yes, yes, Minnesota.
Source: Ronald S. McDonald Family, 1920 U.S. Federal Census, Cheney, Spokane Co., Washington, SD#5, ED#117, Sht No. 2A (8251), West Cheney Twp., Cheney, a city of the third class, Enumerated on 6 January 1920, by G.H. Host.
Why did R.S. head for Cheney? Well I think it was because his children were growing up. Vivian was getting ready to graduate from high school for she was turning 18 in May of 1920. Gordon was getting close, he had two more years to go. Miriam was soon to follow, then Eddie and Jean. Keith was still in grammar school and wouldn’t graduate till about 1925. There might have been an economic issue in that R.S. was looking for work in the lumber industry in the Spokane area.
Cheney had the normal school which we know today as the Eastern Washington University. Vivian, Miriam and Jean would take the career path and become teachers. Gordon and Eddie would take a few years in Normal school but their paths would go in a different direction. Gordon would teach for a short time and end up at Boeing in Seattle. Eddie would eventually go into nursing. Keith he was headed for a mechanics career that would take him to becoming an airplane mechanic.
All of the children attended Cheney High School except Keith. He would go to Gonzaga in Spokane which was both a high school and a college all in one at that time. Wikipedia has another article that can shed light on this bit of confusion of two types of curriculum in one location. Gonzaga Preparatory School was in the basement of the Gonzaga University as the article explains. When I was researching my father, I had to go to the Special Collections at the Gonzaga University to get the history of this prep school and find out more about my dad’s involvement. This particular genealogical research trip took place in 2002.
It is time to pick up my grandfather’s story and follow his migrations. The post dated October 5, 2010, “R.S. McDonald Leaves International Fall, left Ronald or R.S. on his way to Grand Prairie, Alberta, Canada.
The photograph above has July 4, 1916 written in the top left corner. These are R.S.’s children. The back row going left to right, we see Miriam and Eddie. The front row, from the left, is Jean and Keith. They do not look happy and I do not recognize the house but then it is somewhat obscured. Their older brother Gordon and sister Vivian are missing. If the 1916 census (see below) was enumerated on June 1, 1916 then we have a mystery as to where Keith and his sisters were living when this photo was taken? Where they still in International Falls or somewhere else?
The time is about 1915-1916. Ronald (R.S.) sold the house in International Falls, which he shared with my grandmother Grace. Remember, Grace had died in 1911 from pneumonia and child-birth complications. See the posted dated July 18, 2010 “An Unexpected Tragedy!”
Why my grandfather left International Falls and headed back to Canada is unknown. He had six children to care for and maybe the lumber industry was starting to wind down in International Falls and he would soon be out of work. In any event his reasons are unknown. To me grandfather’s decision to leave International Falls was a major one and set in motion events that led him eventually to Washington State where Keith his son took up residence and adopted it as his home.
A Quarry Lease appears among papers that his daughter Jean must have had in her possession and it ended up with her granddaughter who gave it to me.
Source: Quarry Lease, #569, File #13764 Indenture February 22, 1915, #31282, in possession of the compiler.
Ronald Sanfield McDonald, of International Fall, in the State of Minnesota, USA, Lumberman ……does grant that certain parcel or tract of land situate, lying and being in the Province of Alberta, and comprising that portion lying to the West of Smoky River of the South East quarter of Section 17, in Township 71, Range 2, West to the 6th Meridian, containing an area of 28.60 acres more or less….lessee for the term of twenty-one years to be computed from the 22 day of February 1915. Signed by a J.E. Gibson, the Deputy of the Minister of the Interior [ ], Ronald Sanfield McDonald Lessee and William V. Kane Witness.
I am not familiar with Canadian land descriptions which are probably similar the U.S., but it would be very interesting to pinpoint and identify this land in light of the 1916 Canadian census information given below. This lease is months before the sale of the house on Riverside Drive in International Falls, Minnesota, which took place at the end of December 1915 which I feature in the post I mention above in the first sentence.
R.S. and his son Gordon appear in the 1916 Canadian Census in Edmonton, Alberta. I was not able to find Nellie, his sister, and the other children. This census only covers Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.
Source: 1916 Canadian Census, Bezanson, Edmonton, Alberta, District #37, SSD#25, ED #25, 71/2/W6 Meridian, pg. 1.
line 23, 10/10 McDonald, R.S, twp 71, 2, 6, Bezanson, Head, M, W, age 46, born Ont., Roman Catholic, — Canadian, origin unreadable, yes, yes, —yes, yes, general merchant, E. general store. McDonald, Gordon, son, m. S, age 12, born US, Roman Catholic, 1916, Canadian, origin unreadable, yes, no — yes, yes, no occupation,
The location of Bezanson given in the census transcription, seems to be between Grand Prairie and Edmonton. Apparently Ronald and Gordon had gone ahead to get things ready for the rest of the family. It may be why Gordon does not appear in the photograph above?
There is evidence that his children: Vivian, Gordon, Miriam, Eddie, Jean and Keith all went with him to Grand Prairie. As I have mentioned before, they didn’t talk about the experience. By the time I was born, they were all in their late 30’s and early 40’s so these past topics were over and done and I am sure it didn’t even occur to them to talk about them.
Daughter Eddie (Edna Lorraine) had a scrapbook titled “Collection of Junk.” Various items from her experience and time in the Grand Prairie area survived. The postcard above was one of those items. There was no writing on the backside.
The next item was a drawing:
There was a comment made by Eddie but the item it refers to has disappeared or is the one I feature below. This scrapbook had many things missing and loose that had lost their home. It reads: Holy Card given me by Miss Kindervater, an invalid who once intended to be a nun. Grand Prairie, Alberta, Canada 1918. I am not sure if the card featured below is the one Eddie refers to. The backside has various religious notations followed by Christmas well wishes. It is just the kind of thing a potential “nun” might have?
In the scrapbook is a grammar book from Eddie’s grade school days but she the name of the school written on the end page is difficult to read. Click on the photo below and it will get bigger. To return to this blog either close your tab or click your back button. I cannot make out the handwriting. If someone recognizes the name, please leave a comment. It could be a school in Albany, Oregon (see the comments below) not in Grand Prairie?
Miriam sent me some notes about each of her siblings and in one of those notes she talked about her brother Gordon. I share only a portion here but will go deeper when I post about Gordon, my uncle, in the future. In the first sentences she mentions that Gordon was in grade school in Grand Prairie.
It is possible that R.S. did not go directly to Cheney, Washington after they left Grand Prairie because Eddie writes in her Grammar book that she started the booklet in Albany, Oregon and kept it “for no particular reason.” This is a fairly recent discovery about the migrations of Keith’s family. It means that I might be able to find them in Oregon and further pin down their experience. The entry photo below is dated 1919. This means that after they left Grand Prairie they headed to Oregon and then to Cheney, Washington?
Alexander Thomas McDonald spent 58 years of his life living in Minnesota. He came down before his parents, Archie and Mary, in 1897 and lived in Duluth, Minnesota for a while. I found an Alex McDonald in the city directories in Duluth, but it is difficult to know if that really was him?
I shared about Alexander Thomas McDonald the youngest son of Archibald and Mary McDonald in several previous posts:
1. Archibald and Mary McDonald’s Children, dated March 20, 2011. This post has the wonderful family photograph of the McDonald’s except for Angus the oldest brother.
2. Alexander Thomas McDonald, Fireman, dated August 7, 2010. There are several photos in this post showing Alex in his fireman’s uniform. The 2nd photograph has Keith sitting on his knee.
3. Archie & Mary’s Children: Alexander Thomas McDonald, dated March 31, 2010 in which I share the birth of Alex and his record from the St. Alphonsus Church records.
Alex apparently decided to become Naturalized and applied for his Certificate of Intention #175 on 30 January 1905:
State of Minnesota, County of Itasca, Alex T. McDonald, appeared in the District Court of the 15th Judicial District for the State of Minnesota. He was born in Canada about the year 1872 and emigrated to the United States an landed at the Port of Sault Ste. Marie on or about the month of November 1897. It is Bona fide his intention to become a Citizen of the United States and renounce forever all fidelity to the Queen of Great Britain..whereof he is a subject, signed Alex T. McDonald, 21 November, 1898, I.D. Rassmussan, Clerk. This is a true copy signed January 30, 1905, I.D. Rasmussan, Clerk.
Source: Declaration of Intention of Alex. T. McDonald, #175, County of Itasca, State of Minnesota, copy given to the compiler by his nephew.
Certificate of Citizenship, United States of America, District Court Co. of Itasca, State of Minnesota, Naturalization of Alex T. McDonald, 23rd day of Feb, 1905, Seal of the said Court on the 23rd day of Feb 1905, I.D. Rassmussen Clerk.
Source: Certificate of Citizenship, Alex T. McDonald, Itasca County, Minnesota. copy given to the compiler by his nephew.
Koochiching had not yet been established as a county and was part of Itasca County things were slowly developing in northern Minnesota at this time and it was difficult to get around until the train came.
The Minnesota State Census indicates that Alex was living in International Falls in 1905. If the information is correct Alex migrated to International Falls by 1899:
Line 8, McDonald, A. T., male, age 31, white, born in Canada, both parents born in Canada, 8 years in Minnesota, 6 yrs in the enumeration district, laborer.
Source: 1905 Minnesota State Census, Village of International Falls, Twp. of Koochiching, County of Itasca, State of Minnesota, line 8, Sht #2, enumerated on June 1-20, 1905 by Harvey Gale, Minnesota Historical Society in St. Paul.
Note: Minnesota State Census went online at Ancestry.com a couple of years after I had done my research at the FHL and the Minnesota Historical Society in St. Paul in the census.
The U. S. Federal Census for 1910 is very interesting because Alex was listed as the head of the household. I was expecting Archibald to be head based on family stories.
12/14 – McDonald, Alex, head X, male, white, 34 years old single, born in Canada and also his parents were born in Canada. Lived in this country 12 years, naturalized. Speaks English, is a teamster and operates a dray line. Nellie, sister, female, white, 38 years old single, born in Canada and parents too, 10 years in this country and not naturalized, no occupation given. Archie, father, male, white, 80 years old, married, 49 years, born in Canada, parents born in Scotland, in this country 8 years, naturalized, speaks English, no occupation. Mary, mother, female, white, 76 years old, married 49 years, 5 children of which 4 are living, born in Canada, parents born in Scotland, in this country 8 years, speaks English, no occupation. All can read and write.
Source: 1910 U.S. Federal Census, Alex McDonald & Others, International Falls, Koochiching Co., Minnesota, SD#8, ED#92, enumerated April 15, 1910, National Archives, Pacific NW Region, Seattle, WA.
Here Alex is buying lots 9 and 10 in block 53 in International Falls. At this point I have no way to verify if this is the house that the family said was built by Archie?
Deed Record G pg. 38, The Koochiching Co. and Alexander T. McDonald on the 17th day of Sept. 1908 at 1 p.m. Frank S. Spang, Register of Deeds. On the 15th of April 1907 Alexander paid $500 for lots 9 and 10 in block 53 of International Falls. Instrument no. C 327.
Source: Deed Record Book G, pg. 38, Alexander T. McDonald, #C327, Koochiching County, Minnesota, from the Koochiching County Courthouse Call #38 C No. 327, September 14, 1908, 1 pm.
Alex later sold the lots on March 8, 1920 at 9 am to John McGivney for $2600.00, #25889, No. 39, pg. 121.
In the 1920 U.S. Federal Census Alex is rooming with another person:
Line 95, 4th and Second St., X/60/91, McDonald, Alex, Head, renting, male, white, age 46, single, years of immigration and naturalization unclear, not in school as of 1919, able to read and write, born in Canada, parents both born in Canada, native tongue English, able to speak English, occupation Driver, Fire Barn, working. Line 96 at same address as Alex. Thomas, Arthur, boarder, male, mulatto, age 50, single, not in school as of 1919, able to read and write, born in Kansas, parents both in Kentucky, janitor, bank, working.
Source: 1920 U.S. Federal Census, City of International Falls, Co. of Koochiching, Minnesota, SD#8, ED#52, Ward #3, Vol. 41, pg. 4, Ancestry.com.
In review, things had changed greatly for Alex. His sister Nellie was with Ronald (R.S.) helping with raising the six children in Cheney, Washington. Archibald and Mary and both passed 8-9 years earlier. John (Jack) his brother had a family and daughter to raise even though they were in the same city and lived not far from each other.
During the 1920’s Alex headed west and visited his brother R.S. and sister Nellie. He attended the wedding of his niece Vivian to Hilary McKanna in 1924. Year’s later Vivian would ask her uncle to sign and affidavit to help her establish her birth date and location so she could obtain social security. These two events will be covered in future posts.
The 1930 U.S. Census reveals that Alex is still in International Falls
Line 46, Alexander T. McDonald at City Hall #356, 460 under head lodger, Rents, personal property $20.00, he does not live on a farm, Male, White, 56 years old, Single, parents are Canadian-English and so is he. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1897 and is naturalized. His occupation is fireman at the City Fire Dept.. He is not a veteran. Alexander has listed under his name Bert Budde and Henry LeBlanc. I am familiar with these names and they are also listed as fireman with the City Fire Dept.
Source: 1930 U.S. Federal Census, International Falls, Koochiching Twp., and County, Dist #20, ED#36-20, SD #2, Sht #21A #139, dated April 16, 1930, Ancestry.com.
Here is another photograph like the ones I featured in the last post. This time Jack has a straw hat on and he is standing in between his two siblings.
LtoR: Vivian, Nellie, Jack, R.S., Miriam. If you study the photo and focus on Jack and R.S. you can see some resemblance.
Jack gave me quite a challenge regarding his death. I could not find any evidence of his passing in the International Falls records. I finally figured it out. The reason was he died in Moose Lake, Carlton Co., Minnesota on the 11th of December 1949.
Carlton Co. at Moose Lake in the State Hospital. Residence was Koochiching Co., International Falls, 983 Sixth St. Length of stay in the hospital 9 mos, 8 days. Full name: John A. McDonald, male, white, married. Spouse Sarah McDonald, her age 76, Dated of his birth Jan. 14, 1869, he was 80 years 10 mos and 27 days. occupation: Janitor. Born in Chichester, Quebec, Canada. Father’s name Archibald McDonald, born in Canada. Mother maiden name Sarah McDonald born in Canada. Funeral Director – James F. Morine, Duluth, MN. Died December 11, 1949 – arteriosclerosis and senility etc.
Source: Death Certificate, John A. McDonald, #1983, Reg. No. 155, Moose Lake, Carlton Co., Minnesota, Dec. 11, 1949, State of Minnesota Vital Statistics, Minnesota Historical Society Death Certificates.
Note: The date given for his birth is Jan 14, 1869. The St. Alphonsus Church records have January 3, 1869? They also have Sarah as his mother and it should be Mary. His tombstone reads 1870. His death certificate gives the Jan 14th date. Also the number for the house he lived in might be a little off.
There is an obituary article from the The Daily Journal of International Falls, dated December 12, 1949. It reads:
“John A. McDonald, 903 Sixth street, one-time mayor of International Falls and a resident of the community since 1904, died Sunday at the age of 70. He passed away at an out-of-town hospital after an illness of more than two years. Time and place of funeral services will be announced in a later issue of the Journal. The Green Mortuary will be in charge. Familiarly known as “Jack,” Mr. McDonald served one two-year term as major from 1922 to 1924. Prior to being elected to the No. 1 office in the municipality he represented Ward III on the city council for four years. He was also one of the first members of the Falls fire department and maintained an active interest in the organization until he resigned in 1941 because of his health. Mr. McDonald was well-known to thousands of children whom he encountered in his work as fireman-engineer at Alexander Baker school. He joined the school custodian staff in 1913, shortly after the AB building was constructed. Upon his retirement in 1945 he had 32 years of school service to his credit. Born in Chapeau, Quebec, Jan. 14, 1869, Mr. McDonald emigrated to the United States as a young man in 1901 and settled in Bemidji. The same year he was married to Miss Sarah M. Burns, who survives. The couple moved to International Falls in 1904 and Mr. McDonald soon established a dray line, which he operated until 1913. In the latter years he joined the school building staff. Surviving, in addition to his widow, are a daughter, Mrs. Gilbert (Mary) Louiseau, and a brother, Alex, both of International Falls.”
This obituary notice really gives a great overview of Jack’s life.
He is buried with his family in the Forest Hill Cemetery which includes the St. Thomas Cemetery. The burial site is dominated by this large tombstone with McDonald on it. If I recall, I was told by the family, that Jack and Archie bought the plot and had this stone installed.