Archie McDonell as Farmer – 1861

The census enumerator wrote a very interesting description of the area at the end of the 1861 Chichester section on the FHL Film version of the Agricultural Census for 1861, Chichester, Canada East. 

This description was not included in the Ancestry.com version that I can tell.  The whole county of Pontiac is 288 images at Ancestry.com of which the Chichester township covers Images 125 to 136.  It was difficult to read the handwriting so this is the best transcription I can do.  The brackets are my best guess.

“With regard to roads in this Township the only leading road is the one laid out by government part of which runs through this Township to lot 37, 3rd range intended to run to Fort Williams or the mouth of Deep River – from 37 it is unfinished from the fact that the Colonization Grant already made for this road was insufficient to complete it, and the municipalities of [Shecu] and Chichester being convinced that the government would grant further aid from the same funds to complete the road through to Deep River as anticipated refused to apply the municipal labor to that purpose. I would remark trapsed thru the upper end of this Township with difficulty. There are two school houses and schools in this Township now in operation but from the unprecedented snow drifts the attendance this winter has been very small. There is no place of worship in the Township, the Church of Allumette which is Roman Catholic commands the attendance of the populace here.”

Archie or more formally Archibald had a farm in Chichester and he appears on the 1861 Agricultural Census.  I used FHL#0517406.  I am excited to see the Concession/Range and the lot numbers given.  Those will be of value in finding patent and deed records.

Line 38 – Archibald McDonell

Name of occupier:  Archibald McDonell

Concession or Range:  3

Lot or Part of Lot: 43

Number of acres of land – Held by each person or family: 96

Number of acres of land : Under Cultivation: 18

Number of acres of land : Under Crops in 1860: 18

Number of acres of land : Under Wood or Wild: 78

Column 10.  Cash Value of Farm: 100

Column 11.  Cash Value of furnishings: 18

Column 14.  Summer Wheat acres: 2-1/4

Column 15.  Summer Wheat bushels: 40

Archie has an 2 other crops that he is cultivating.  The poor readability of the pages makes it impossible to read the blackened headings to identify the type of crops so I only have the number of acres and the value. 

2 acres, 30 value

6 acres at 100 value but I am unable to read the crop names for they are blackened on this schedule.

Another set of numbers indicate a fraction [3/4] value 50. 

Keith’s grandfather was doing pretty well for a young man in 1861.  So does this mean it is time to go “a courting?” 

Interesting to note that listed above Archie in the agricultural census on the line above is a Alex Jhn McDonell.  This man was probably his father-in-law but we will study his entries and census findings in a later post.

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